ccTLDManagement BOP overview

 

Yuri Demchenko

demch@cad.ntu-kpi-kiev.ua

 

 

ccTLD

Organisation,

contact addresses

English

List/number of Domain Registered

Number of Registrar

Registration entity

Automation

DB/Whois

Pricing scheme

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Membership due

Registration fee

.am

NA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.at

www.nic.at

ACONET

 

short resume

Hostcount - !!!! file 731KB

 

 

 

Copy Of RIPE DB

 

 

.az

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.be

www.dns.be

DNS-BE Registration Office

 

Domain Statistics (hostcount, registered Domains, New Domains)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.bg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.by

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.ch

(.li)

www.nic.ch

SWITCH

whole

 

 

 

 

Local + RIPE

 

Initial -CHF80

Reccuring - CHF 48/Yr

VAT included

Rem - 30 days

Deletion - 90

Aggregated for ISP

.cz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.de

www.nic.de

 

Full

hostcount (src: RIPE)

Own Statistics

List of connected domains and search for all registered

 

 

 

no warning for incorrct request e.g. &.de

 

 

.dk

www.dk-hostmaster.dk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.ee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.es

www.nic.es

Centro de Comunicaciones CSIC RedIRIS

Es only

 

 

Only organisations.

Not individual, not part of org.

One domain per org.

 

 

 

12,000 pts (new DN)

8,000 (annual)

.fi

 

 

 

 

registration only via ISP - AFNIC member

 

 

 

 

.fr

www.nic.fr

AFNIC Association Francaise pour le Nimmage Internet on Cooperation

Single pages

 

 

 

 

 

2 Options based on Yr membership adhesion

Option 1

30,000 FFR (+VAT)

 

Option 2 2,000 FFR (+VAT)

 

 

Option 1

+(380FFR/domain_creation - 300FFR/dom_deleg(ISP) - 100FFR/Yr

Option 2

+(1200FFR/domain_creation - 300FFR/dom_deleg(ISP) - 100FFR/Yr

.ge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.gr

www.hostmaster.gr

FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY HELLAS INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

 

 

 

 

 

search only for ˇвные names

 

totally cost-free

.hu

www.nic.hu

Only general Info

 

32 registrars (list)

 

 

 

 

 

.ie

www.ucd.ie/hostmaster/

University College Dublin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.il

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.it

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.lt

vingis.sc-uni.ktu.lt/domreg/

 

 

 

Only organisations

 

 

 

Lt200+VAT (initial)

Lt80 (annual)

 

 

.lu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.lv

www.nic.lv/DNS

Inst. Of Math and CS

 

 

 

 

Form

 

 

100USD/Ls60/Dom_reg

50USD/Ls30/Dom_recurr.

Rem - 30days

Deletion/Hold - 60 days

.md

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.mk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.mt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.nl

www.domain-registry.nl

Stichnting Internet Domeinregistratie Nederland

A few pages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.no

www.uninett.n0/navn/

NORID

 

 

> 1200

Only organisation or part (with mailing address in Norway).

Not individuals

 

 

 

450 Nok (directly)

300 NOK (via ISP)

100 NOK (annual fee)

90 days Domain hold.

.pl

www.nask.pl/NASK/net/

NASK

 

 

 

 

HTM-template

Form

 

 

 

300 Zl (initial)

150ZL (recur)

50ZL (regional)

.pt

www.dns.pt

FCCN - Fundacao para a Computacao Cientifica Nacional

Pt

 

3432 (graphical, table)

 

Legal institutions, departments should register under organisationís domain.

 

 

 

 

7500$00 per domain ???

.ro

www.rnc.ro

RNC - Romanian National Research and Development Network

En

 

 

 

Form

 

 

50$ (DN)

25$ (IP)

.ru

www.ripn.net/nic/

RIPN

Partly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.se

www.nic-se.se/

Sweden

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.si

www.arnes.si/si-domene/

 

ARNES

Not

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.sk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.tj

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.tm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.tr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.ua

nic.ua.net

Partly

List of registered SLD - 43

 

NDefined

 

 

 

Payment directly to IANA

.uk

www.nic.uk

Nominet UK

 

JANET (.ac.uk, .gov.uk)

 

 

 

 

Automated application processing

 

 

 

.uk

www.ja.net/documents/naming/

 

JANET (.ac.uk, .gov.uk)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

no reccurent

only initial charge

.uz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.yu

ubbg.etf.bg.ac.yu/yu-tld/

 

 

 

 

Only Yugoslavian organisation.

Only active domains.

Form

 

 

Free

30 days registration period

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organisation,

contact addresses

English

List/number of Domain Registered

Number of Registrar

Registration entity

Automation

DB/Whois

Membership due

Registration fee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Best documentation collection and DN Registration Rules

 

1. .NO- http://www.uninett.no/navn/name-policy.html - regulations and DN policy

2. .NL- http://www.domain-registry.nl/regulations.html - regulations

3. .UK- http://www.nic.uk/ - DN policy and Dispute resolution

4. .CH- http://www.nic.ch/ - DN policy and Dispute resolution

5. .LV- http://www.nic.lv/DNS/ - complete collection of Docs

6. .RU- http://www.ripn.net/nic/ - complete collection of Docs and translation in Russian

7. .ES- http://www.nic.es/ - complete collection of Docs in Spanish only


ccTLDManagement BOP overview

 

Yuri Demchenko

demch@cad.ntu-kpi-kiev.ua

 

 

ccTLD

Country

English

Naming policy

 

Documentation

DNS testing

Trademarks issues / Dispute resolution

 

 

 

Name restrictions

Generic SLD/Subdomains

Recommendations

Domain naming weakness

 

 

 

.am

NA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.at

www.nic.at

ACONET

 

short resume

 

ac.at, gv.at, priv.at

 

 

STD

DNS netiquet

 

 

.az

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.be

www.dns.be

DNS-BE Registration Office

 

 

 

Good identification of organisation

 

 

 

 

 

.bg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.by

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.ch

(.li)

www.nic.ch

SWITCH

whole

less 3 characters

more 24 chars

spec. chars

hyphen is 1st/last

bad taste name

deceptive name

offendive name

TM, SM

 

3-24 letters (aÖz, 0Ö9)

 

Complete

Obligatory testing Prim and Sec DNS

Liability max CHF500

.cz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.de

www.nic.de

 

Full

 

 

 

 

BAD CP

DN begin digit

DN usingdigits only and digits in the beginning

 

 

Review, contacts

.dk

www.dk-hostmaster.dk

 

 

 

 

 

BAD CP

DN begin digit

DN usingdigits only and digits in the beginning

 

Domain transfer

 

.ee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.es

www.nic.es

Centro de Comunicaciones CSIC RedIRIS

Es only

Generic domains, geographical names, generic names and wellknown abbreviation, or org. names.

Offensive names,

 

STD syntax

min 3, recommended 5.

Max 63, rec. 24

recommended name construct:

name of org, TM, SM, composite names with prefix of suffix -sa, -sl, -sc, fundacion, -fund, asociacion-, asoc-;

productís Intílidentificator (-38, -c38, clase38).

 

 

 

 

.fi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.fr

www.nic.fr

AFNIC Association Francaise pour le Nimmage Internet on Cooperation

Single pages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.ge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.gr

www.hostmaster.gr

FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY HELLAS INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

 

 

[com.gr], [edu.gr], [net.gr], [org.gr]

min 3 characters

 

 

 

 

.hu

www.nic.hu

Only general Info

generic names, etc. (En, Hu)

.hu, .co.hu, .org.hu, .priv.hu,

.info.hu, .sport.hu, .tm.hu, .nui.hu

 

 

 

 

 

.ie

www.ucd.ie/hostmaster/

University College Dublin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.il

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.it

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.lt

vingis.sc-uni.ktu.lt/domreg/

 

no geographical names

Common words and abbreviation

.ac.lt

.co.lt

.go.lt

.re.lt

 

Dn should be associated with organisation.

Normally min 3 letters.

2 letters should not mach CC.

 

 

 

 

 

.lu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.lv

www.nic.lv/DNS

Inst. Of Math and CS

 

Trade marks, service marks, wellknown org and name, Geographic location or object, personís name,

.com.lv

.edu.lv

.gov.lv

.org.lv

.mil.lv

.id.lv (individuals)

.net.lv

.asn.lv (associations)

.conf.lv (conferences)

DN Owner must be ultimate user of the DN

 

Complete

Regulation

RFC

 

Documents about Dispute resolution

.md

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.mk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.mt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.nl

www.domain-registry.nl

Stichnting Internet Domeinregistratie Nederland

A few pages

Generic names, terms, protocols, services, wellknown names

(English - Dutches)

Moral reason, geographical missleading (except municipality or Province, or foreign embassy)

 

 

At least one letter, max - 63

 

Regulation - GOOD!!!

 

 

.no

www.uninett.n0/navn/

NORID

 

One letter DN,

two letter not match to CC (except for wellknown 2-letters abbreviation).

Only numbers.

Geographical names,

wellknown acronyms, names, abbreviations.

Special list of forbiden names (En and No).

Generic names and expressions.

 

Geographical SLD listed.

Generic SLD.

STD syntax rules (a-z, 0-9, -).

Max 63 characters (RFC 1034).

DN must refername of organisation, TM, SM.

Not subdomain under registered domain.

Large org. can register own domain under .no

Dn names should have national significance

wellknown 3-letters abbreviation.

3 national characters transliteration is recommended.

 

 

!!!Best DN Policy

 

 

.pl

www.nask.pl/NASK/net/

NASK

 

 

 

DN should be connected to applicant

 

 

 

 

.pt

www.dns.pt

FCCN - Fundacao para a Computacao Cientifica Nacional

Pt

Not intersect with registered names not related to applicant.

Geographical names reserved for future use.

 

STD Syntax.

DN to reflect legal name of organisation.

Use of prefixes: Min- for Ministries

CM- for municipals

CCR- for regional comissions

 

 

 

Rules in Word 6.0 of 23 July 1996

Special demands for technical equipment.

 

.ro

www.rnc.ro

RNC - Romanian National Research and Development Network

En

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.ru

www.ripn.net/nic/

RIPN

Partly

 

 

 

DN with only digits and bigining digits

Complete Documenation - Engl and Russian,

translation

 

Doc IANA + translation to Russian

.se

www.nic-se.se/

Sweden

 

Subdomauns for type of municipal organisations:

.fh.se

.fhsk.se

.fk.se

komforb.se

kommunalforbund.se

.lanarb.se

.lanbib.se

.lantmen.se

.lst.se

.ministry.se

.naturbruksgymn.se

STD syntax ??

Unique name of firm, consern.

One per organisation

Project

Geographical Dn are reserved.

Private person - under .pp.se

 

Recommendation for DN constructing:

reflect name of company or business, or significant part of name;

type of service (.transport.se).

Geographical subdomains:

 

 

 

 

.si

www.arnes.si/si-domene/

 

ARNES

Not

MOST STRONG!!!

Temporary names (i.e. projects)

personal D.

Names of press, products,

 

 

STD Syntax

3-24 characters

Recommendation for name construction:

independent org. - name-sp

Community - its name

organisation - name-ustanova,

Association - name-drustvo, name-klub, name-zveza.

Suborganisation - name1-name2-Ö

Sindicat - name sindikat.

 

 

Rules (Word 6.0)

 

 

 

.sk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.tj

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.tm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.tr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.ua

nic.ua.net

 

no restriction

.com.ua

.net.ua

.gov.ua

edu.ua

STD Syntax

2 letters SLD coinciding with CC

Rules of 1997

 

 

.uk

www.nic.uk

Nominet UK

 

JANET (.ac.uk, .gov.uk)

 

2 letters CC

3rd level DN using 2nd level Generic DN in .uk (nhs.co.uk)

All TLD in 3rd level DN

1-letter DN

 

.co.uk

.org.uk

.ltd.uk

.plc.uk (Public Ltd Co)

.net.uk

.sch.uk (Schools)

.ac.uk

.gov.uk

.nhs.uk

.police.uk

.mod.uk (min,of Defence)

 

 

Base documents

(RFCs 1034, 1035, 1122, 1123)

 

Dispute Resolution service (special)

.uk

www.ja.net/documents/naming/

 

JANET (.ac.uk, .gov.uk)

 

 

.ac.uk

.gov.uk

 

 

 

 

 

.uz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.yu

ubbg.etf.bg.ac.yu/yu-tld/

 

 

 

.ac.yu

.edu.yu

.co.yu

.org.yu

STD Syntax

.ac.yu

.edu.yu

.co.yu

.org.yu

.yu - only for ISP, Gov. institutions, national inst. With special status.

BAD

Latin-1 (USA)

1 min- 30 max

1 character DN

 

 

Testing-??

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ccTLD

Country

English

Name restrictions

Generic SLD/Subdomains

Recommendations

DNS weakness

Documentation

DNS testing

Trademarks issues / Dispute resolution