1. Verbs followed by -ing form
|involve||justify||like (=enjoy)||look forward to|
|risk||suggest||canít stand||carry on|
I look forward to meeting you next week.
I donít mind staying late.
I really enjoy travelling abroad
2. Expressions bellow are followed by the -ing form
It's not worth repairing the camera. It would be cheaper to buy a new one.
3. Verb followed by to + infinitive
We were very unhappy with service they had provided.
We refused to pay them.
The company is taking on a lot of new staff. They plan to extend their researches in a new area.
He was angry about the way company had treated him. They threatened to stop his project.
There are passive forms of the -ing form and the infinitive. The passive form of the -ing form is made with being + past participle (e.g., being done):
Everyone likes being congratulated when they have worked hard.The passive infinitive is formed by to be + past participle (e.g., to be done):
She expects to be promoted soon.
B. -ing and infinitive (2): verbs and objects
5. Verb + object + infinitive
There are a number of verbs that can take a direct object and to
common examples are:
The lawer advised me to read the contract carefully.6. Reporting what people say
The negotiators persuaded the union to accept the pay deal.
The court ordered the company to pay compensation.
The fall in demand forced us to cut production
They invited me to speak at the conference.
Many of the words listed above can be used to report what people say
"Could you come back later?" he asked me.The verb warn is usually used with not to do:
He asked me to come back later.
He said, "Don't put all your money in one company"
He warned me not to put all my money in one company.
7. Make and let
The verbs make and let are followed by an object and the bare infinitive (e.g., go, work,see)
The verb of perception (see, watch, notice, hear, listen, feel) are followed by bare infinitive or by -ing form (present participle).
C. -ing and infinitive (3): changes in meaning
8. Verb + -ing or infinitive?
Some verbs can be followed by either -ing form or the infinitive
and the meaning of the verb changes. Here are some common examples:
|I remember sending them the cheque.||I sent and I can remember now that did it.|
|I remembered to send them the cheque.||I remembered, and then I sent it.|
|I will never forget meeting the President.||I met him, and he impressed me.|
|I wonít forget to give her your message.||I have made a note of it, and I will give it to her when I see her.|
|We have stopped dealing with that firm.||We used to deal with them, but we don't deal with them any more.|
|At 12.00 we stopped to have a break||We stopped for a break.|
|I regret saying that I was not interested in the work.||I said I was not interested in the work, and I now think that was a bad mistake.|
|I regret to say that we will not be able to give you a contract.||I am sorry that I have to say this.|
|If the printer doesnít work, try turning everything off and then starting again.||Do this and see what happens.|
|I will try to negotiate a better deal.||I will make an effort to do this.|
|This advertisement needs redesigning.||This advertisement needs to be redesigned.|
|We need to increase productivity||Itís necessary to increase productivity.|
9. Like and would like
When the verb like means enjoy, itís followed by the -ing form. However, the expression would like (want to) is followed by the infinitive.
I like going abroad on marketing trips. (I enjoy this.)We can also use prefer and would prefer in the same way.
I would like to go more often.(I want to go more often.)
I prefer working at home to working at the office. (I enjoy this more.)
10. to + -ing or infinitive?
The word to can be part of infinitive (I want to see you).
However, in the following examples, to is a preposition, so it is
followed by the -ing form:
|look forward to||object to, an objection to||be used to, get used to|
|react to, a reaction to||in addition to||respond to, a respond to|
There is nothing wrong with the photocopier. It just needs servicing.
We need to look at this proposal very carefully before we make a decision.
Iíll make a note in my diary so that I will remember to send you information you need.
I am not sure if I have met Mr. Martino, but I remember hearing his name.
|1999. Compiled by Yuri Demchenko.||